"Parasite," a dark social satire from South Korea, won the Oscar for best picture, making history as the first film in a language other than English to claim the movie industry's highest honor.
※satire＝風刺、風刺文学作品 social satire=社会風刺作品
半地下に住む極貧一家と、豪邸に暮らす富豪一家の貧富の差は、技術力やK-popで知られる韓国の矛盾点や、アジア４位の経済国の持つ者と持たない者の差＝the widening gap between the haves and the have nots in Asia’s fourth-biggest economyを浮き彫りにしています。
The film is about the gap between rich and poor in modern Seoul. The extreme disparity between the two families - the affluent Parks and the poor Kims - is shown through their two homes. One a gleaming mansion up on the hills above Seoul; the other a dingy semi-basement.
※dingy semi-basement＝薄汚い半地下 →半地下はhalf-basement flatなども。
The film exposes the paradox（逆説、矛盾の論→contradiction） at the heart of a country better known around the world for its technological prowess （技術力）and pop music.
Bong Joon-ho’s comedy-drama about an impoverished family who infiltrates the household of a wealthier one is the first film not in the English language to take the top prize. It also took best director, best original screenplay and best international film.（監督賞、脚本賞、外国映画賞）
※infiltrate=侵入する →insinuate ①あてこする、嫌味を言う ②いつの間にか徐々に入り込む
The global dominance of the English language and a widespread aversion to subtitles has long been a challenge for filmmakers working in other tongues.
※aversion＝（根強い）嫌悪感、毛嫌い ラテン語でturn away
The win was a watershed moment for the Academy Awards, which has long been content to relegate international films to their own category.
Coming into the Oscars, “Parasite” had gathered much attention as to whether it would become the vanguard for foreign films’ breakthrough into the English language market.
The banjihas（韓国語で半地下） are not just a quirk of Seoul architecture, but a product of history.
These tiny spaces actually trace their roots back decades, to the conflict between North and South Korea.
In 1968, North Korean commandos slipped into Seoul on a mission to assassinate South Korean President Park Chung-hee.
The raid was thwarted, but the tension between the two Koreas intensified.
That same year, North Korea also attacked and captured a US Navy spy ship, the USS Pueblo.
Armed North Korean agents infiltrated South Korea, and there were a number of terrorist incidents.
Fearing an escalation, in 1970 the South Korean government updated its building codes, requiring all newly built low-rise apartment buildings to have basements to serve as bunkers in case of a national emergency.
Initially, renting out such banjiha spaces was illegal.
But during the housing crisis in the 1980s, with space running short in the capital, the government was compelled to legalise these underground spaces to live in.